Transmission of Primary Syphilis

You’ve about syphilis either through the Internet or maybe on the television. But it is a real sexually transmitted disease. It is essentially caused by a bacterium that is a spiral-shaped spirochete whose name is Treponema pallidum. The disease has already had several nicknames attributed to it including the “Great Pox” and “French Disease”. Syphilis is known throughout history and the field of literature because it has been presently prominent for the last several hundred years.

Syphilis is acquired almost always by direct sexual contact with another person. However, there have been various examples when there has been transmission of syphilis from mother to child in utero. The different signs and symptoms of syphilis are quite numerous and before the introduction of serological testing, which is the process by which the blood is tested, accurate diagnosis has been very difficult to obtain. As this difficulty of detection continued over the course of time, it was eventually called the “Great Imitator” since it was frequently confused with other diseases.

There are various stages of syphilis. You have the primary, secondary, latent, tertiary and neurosyphilis. The different degrees of syphilis are attributed to how much damage they have done. Here we discuss primary syphilis which is essentially acquired via direct sexual contact with any infectious lesion that a person with syphilis has. This is a very annoying manner to acquire syphilis because there is no sexual contact involved.

After the first time you have been exposed to the lesion, you will notice on your genitalia a skin lesion. This is called a chancre which is a firm, painless skin ulceration which is localized at the point of exposure to the spirochete. This is situated most often on the penis, rectum or vagina. There are multiple lesions seen on rare cases but in most cases, there is only one lesion seen.

This ulceration of the skin may last for as long as 4 to 6 weeks and most often heals on its own. There is a possibility that local lymph node swelling may also happen. During the preliminary incubation period, individuals are otherwise found to be without symptoms. Because of this reason, many patients neglect to seek medical care at once.

This sexually transmitted disease can be quite easily treated with antibiotics which include penicillin. There is a traditional way of addressing such an infection and that is through intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin. If the syphilis is not treated at once, there could be significant and disastrous damage to various parts of the body including the brain, heart, aorta, bones and eyes. There have been cases when the infection had gone so worse that it proved to be fatal.

Knowing these things about syphilis is enough for anybody to stop being lenient in seeking medical help. One should immediately seek professional medical help once a lesion is seen. It may be the one thing that decides whether you live or die. So as long as you are sexually active with many partners, stay on the safe side: get tested and get help.

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