Chancroid, Sexually Transmitted Infection

Chancroid is a type of sexually-transmitted infection, which symptoms include painful sores on the genitalia. This disease is known to spread from one person to another through sexual contact, although men can contact chancroid by practicing poor hygiene.

Chancroid is caused by a bacteria called Haemophilus ducreyi. This infection is commonly found in developing countries and often associated with sex workers and their clientele. Uncircumcized men have a greater risk than circumcized men from contracting chancroid from an infected partner.

Upon contracting the bacteria, the disease usually undergoes an incubation period of one day to two week until small bumps begin to appear. These painful ulcers range in size from 1/8 of an inch to 2 inches across; have sharply defined, undermined borders; have irregular or ragged borders; have bases that are covered with a gray or yellowish-gray material; and that the bases bleed easily if traumatized or scraped. The initial ulcer may be mistaken as a type of syphilis.

About half of infected men have only a single ulcer, while women frequently have four or more bumps with fewer symptoms. It is commonly found among men in the foreskin of the penis, the groove behind the head of the penis, and the shaft of the penis. Meanwhile, chancroid among women can be found in the vagina’s labia majora, labia minora, or the perineal area. They usually feel pain with urination or with intercourse.

About one-third of infected individuals will develop enlargement of the inguinal lymph nodes, located in the fold between the leg and the lower abdomen. Sometimes, the swelling would progress to a point that the nodes would rupture.

Chancroid can be treated through single oral dose of Azythromicin or Single IM doe of Ceftriaxone or Oral Erythromycin for 7 days.

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